Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Egyptian Public Servant ( November 14, 1922 - )

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The change began in Somalia, where we discovered that we were involved in an operation where there was no peace, so there was no more a peacekeeping operation because there was no peace.~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Change Peace Somalia

We were not realizing that, with just a machete, you can do a genocide.~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

You Genocide Just

There is a greater fatigue concerning the African problem today than five or 10 years ago. The situation now in Africa is worse today than it was 10 years ago.~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Today Problem Africa

The problem is when you are writing something in retrospective, it needs a lot of courage not to change, or you will forget a certain reality, and you will just take in consideration your view today.~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Change Courage Today

A genocide in Africa has not received the same attention that genocide in Europe or genocide in Turkey or genocide in other part of the world. There is still this kind of basic discrimination against the African people and the African problems.~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

World People Problems

For us, genocide was the gas chamber - what happened in Germany. We were not able to realize that with the machete you can create a genocide.~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

You Create Genocide

So this is why I'm always say happy that somebody mentions Rwanda, because behind Rwanda, we have Africa.~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Happy Africa Why

The fact that you had disruptions in the peace process was not only in Rwanda. We had the same problem in Cambodia, we had the same problem in Mozambique, we had the same problem in Salvador.~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Peace Problem Process

When you have an accident, they will save their own people, and those who have worked with you or with the NGOs are left. Unfortunately, this happens always. It is not an excuse at all.~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

People You Own

I used to say I never talk about my successor, neither about my predecessor.~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Talk Say Never

For President Clinton, according to this discussion I had with him, Rwanda was a marginal problem.~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Problem Him Rwanda

But definitely, when a decision is taken, or when you are trying to oppose a decision, you are in a weaker position than the member states, because they know more about the situation than you. We gave information, but they never gave us any information.~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Decision Trying You

In Yugoslavia, I'd asked for additional forces too. I even went to meet the French prime minister, and I proposed additional forces... Nobody wanted to send troops.~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Nobody Meet Prime Minister

The failure of the United Nations - My failure is maybe, in retrospective, that I was not enough aggressive with the members of the Security Council.~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Failure Security Enough

The real problem was not the troops; the real problem was that only the United States had the infrastructure to do the transport of troops with big planes, and then who will pay?~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Problem Real United

We got involved in the Rwanda peace process for the simple reason that there was a decision which was taken by the Security Council, because the troops were in Uganda, and we decided to have a military presence.~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Peace Decision Simple

But at the beginning, our definition of the genocide was what happened to Armenia in 1917 or 1919, it's happened to the Jew in Europe, and we were not realizing - In our point of view, they have not the tools to do a genocide.~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Beginning View Tools

But I believe that the DPKO at this time was very much involved with American administration and was acting, taking on consideration the demand or the recommendation of the American administration. American administration was very powerful.~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Time Powerful American

It was a mistake. I was wrong, but I discovered this many years later. I was acting on the basis of this mandate given me by the most important leaders of the world: President Bush's father, prime minister of France, President Mitterand, the Chinese, everybody.~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Father World Me

Rwanda was considered a second-class operation; because it was a small country, we had been able to maintain a kind of status quo. They were negotiating, they'd accepted the new peace project, so we were under the impression that everything would be solved easily.~Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Peace Small Everything